Unit Fractions
Compose and decompose fractions flexibly with models and symbols
Composing and decomposing fractions using any combination of fractions (beyond unit fractions) allows students to develop a deeper understanding of fractions as number. BACKGROUND A unit fraction is the base unit of any fraction and always has a numerator of 1; for example,
1
4
1
5
1
23
3
4
Consider the fraction one and three-fourths. This number can be decomposed using a unit fraction. one and three fourths seven one-fourths units One and two-fourths can be composed using a unit fraction. A student may say, “One whole is the same as 4 one-fourth units. I added another 2 one-fourth units to the whole to obtain 6 one-fourth units. So I can see that 6 one-fourth units is equal to one and two-fourths. Use of unit fractions supports a deeper understanding of quantity. Notice that in the student dialogue above, early understanding of equivalency is being developed, i.e., one and one half is the same as six fourths. Counting by naming the unit fractions helps students to see the parts of the fraction when composing and decomposing. Notice that both counting unit fractions and composing and decomposing fractions are pre-cursors to addition and subtraction. For example, composing 6 one-fourth units is the same as adding 6 one-fourth units together to make one and one half. |
TASKS Changing Wholes with Pattern Blocks |