Fractions Learning Pathways


Generate and recognize equivalent fractions using models and symbols

Compare familiar fraction quantities with and without benchmark referents



Familiar Fractions and Benchmarks Comparisons

Equivalency ComparisonsDescription
This is a set of prompts consisting of purposely paired fractions to elicit the use of various strategies. The prompts may be used on different occasions depending on student readiness. Repeated practice and exploration in making comparisons between fractions will deepen student understanding. Encourage students to build models/representations and create contexts to support visualization of fractions, which in turn supports meaning-making.

Research shows that it is beneficial to spread fraction learning throughout the year and embed it in other strands. These prompts progress in complexity from comparisons of equivalent fractions, to examples that include same denominators, to comparisons of very close fractions with different numerators and denominators. Students are encouraged to develop a range of different strategies and to use them strategically, based on the situation.

Curriculum Connections
Students will:
  • represent, compare and order fractional amounts using a variety of tools
Instructional sequence
  1. Partner students and introduce the task. Post the selected prompt (select from options to the right) on the black/whiteboard or interactive whiteboard, or distribute on a handout.
  2. Provide students time to complete the task. Encourage them to use graph paper, rulers and manipulatives (concrete or virtual, such as the tools at
  3. Have students describe their thinking. Highlight different strategies by intentionally selecting students that solved the task in different ways. Have students identify the similarities and differences between the strategies.
Prompt 1
Which is closer to 1 whole:
1 / 3
2 / 9
? Describe the strategy you used to prove your thinking.

Prompt 2
Create a model to represent either
2 / 3
3 / 2
5 / 6
6 / 5
. Which fraction of the pair you chose is greater? How do you know?

Prompt 3
Order the following fractions from least to greatest:
2 / 3
, 2
5 / 6
11 / 4
4 / 8
3 / 5

Prompt 4
Would you rather have
1 / 4
5 / 12
of a chocolate bar? Show your thinking.
Highlights of student thinking
Students may:
  • construct accurate models to compare two or more fractions;
  • rely on the algorithm for determining equivalent fractions;
  • consider only the numerators or only the denominators;
  • use benchmarks to make estimates for comparison;
  • consider the size of the unit fractions (as indicated by the denominators);
  • consider the proximity of the fraction to 1 by identifying the ‘missing piece’ (complement); and
  • be purposeful about the strategy for comparison based on the fractions given.
Key questions
  1. Did you think of contexts to help you visualize the fractions? How did this help you?
  2. Share how you visualized the fractions.
  3. How did your representation help you to compare the fractions?
  4. What strategy did you find most helpful? Why?
  5. What manipulatives could you use to help you?
Materials Make tools available such as paper and markers, grid paper, paper strips for folding, and/or manipulatives such as relational rods.
  • Task Templates
  • Implementation
  • Student Thinking
  • Additional Resources

Teacher Notes

To download a copy of this .pdf, click here.


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